Placing elements in the Map Layout

Once you have placed a map, you may place titles, scales, legends or compasses to further customize the appearance of the printed layout.

Adding a scale box to Map Layout
  1. Do one of the following:
    • From the Map Layout Toolbar, choose the New Scale Box toolbar icon ()
    • Choose Add Scale from the context menu.
  2. Drag a rectangle in the map layout window to the size you want the Scale to be and release.
    The scale box appears in the map layout window.

Customizing a scale box

  1. Double-click the scale box
    The Scale Box Options sheet will appear

    Scale Box Options Sheet
  2. Set  Scale Units to one of the following:
    • Automatic
    • Standard (auto scale)
    • Metric (auto scale)
    • Or one of the measurements
  3. Do one of the following:
    Choose  Fixed Size in Scale Units to set the length of the scale bar to a particular number of units
    Choose  Fill Scale Box to have Cartographica use whatever length comes closest to filling the scale box on the page

Default Units

Since 1.5.4, the Cartographica Preferences window contains preferences that control the units that are used as the default units for new Scale boxes (for both area and linear measurements). These preferences are used for new scale boxes.


Adding a legend to Map Layout

  1. Do one of the following:
    • From the Map Layout Toolbar, choose the New Legend toolbar icon ()
    • Choose Add Legend from the context menu.
  2. Drag a rectangle in the map layout window to the size you want the Legend to be and release.
    The Legend box appears in the map layout window.
    You can now postion or resize the Legend as desired. When you place a legend, items are grouped together in a manner so as to use all the available space efficiently without becoming confusing. If there are multiple styles defined in a single style, they are grouped under the layer name, otherwise, the layer's style swatch appears to the left of the style.
    When there is insufficient space to display all features of the Legend, a yellow warning triangle shows up at the bottom of the rectangle to indicate that there is a drawing issue and that the box needs to be expanded.

For Legends in Map Layout (and in the pop-over  Legends window, the title of each group is taken by the  Name field in the style. If you want to change the name of a particular group, you can do so by changing that value.

Including or excluding layers from a Legend with Details…

Legends can contain any subset of available layers in their associated maps. Initially, all visible layers are added to the Legend when it is inserted in the Map Layout. This can be changed after the Legend is added from either the pop-up menu for the Legend, or from  Details… popover in the pop-up.

  1. Click on the Legend in the Map Layout window to select it.
    This will cause the handles to appear around the map signifying that it is selected
  2. Use control-click (or right-click) to bring up the context menu and choose Details….
    This will present the Layout Details Popover

    Map Layout Legends Details Popover
  3. Select Show all visible map layers to show the legend for every visible layer in the associated Map (in the Map Layout document). 
  4. Select  Show these layers only (when visible on the Map) to show the legend for the selected subset of layers.


Legends will only be shown for layers that are selected for display in the associated Map view, even if you have chosen the layer to be displayed in the legend manually.


Including or excluding layers from a Legend with menu

Legends can contain any subset of available layers in their associated maps. Initially, all visible layers are added to the Legend when it is inserted in the Map Layout. This can be changed after the Legend is added.

  1. Click on the Legend in the Map Layout window to select it.
    This will cause the handles to appear around the map signifying that it is selected
  2. Use control-click (or right-click) to bring up the context menu and toggle each layer with the named entry. Layers which are visible in this particular Map are checked.
  3. To synchronize with the current visible layers in the associated Map (in the Map Layout document), choose  Synchronize with Map from the context menu.

Adding a compass to Map Layout

  1. Do one of the following:
    • From the Map Layout Toolbar, choose the New Compass toolbar icon ()
    • Choose Add Compass from the context menu.
  2. Drag a rectangle in the map layout window to the size you want the Compass to be and release.
    The Compass box appears in the map layout window.
Adding a Text to Map Layout
  1. Do one of the following:
    • From the Map Layout Toolbar, choose the New Text Box toolbar icon ()
    • Choose New Text Box from the context menu.
  2. Drag a rectangle in the map layout window to the size you want the Text Box to be and release.
    The Text box appears in the map layout window.
  3. You can now position or resize the Text Box as desired.
    To change the fonts used in Scale, Legend, and Text items, select the item and then use the Macintosh Font Panel (choose  Edit > Show Fonts) to change the text attributes.

Here is an example of a Map Layout window with all of these elements added:

Scale, Legend, and Text Box added into map layout


When a map is selected (or one of its related layout features, such as the scale or legend), then all related layout features are badged with a blue dot to indicate that they are related. When not selected, the blue dot disappears.

To move items in the Map Layout, click once on the item to select it (you should see "handles" in each of the corners and along the edges), and then drag the item to its desired location.

To resize any of the items in the Map Layout, click once on the item to select it and then drag one of the handles to change the size of the item.

Map Layout items associated with a given Map will show an indicator in the lower-left-hand corner of the item in order to represent the connection between these items. Thus, if you click on a Scale for a Map that also has a Legend, all three items will be "badged" as being related to each other.

Some Map Layout items have yellow warning triangles ()when there is something wrong with the visual presentation. For example, Legends may have this indicator when there is not enough room in the item to show the entire legend. To fix this, either remove items from the legend, change the font, or resize the legend box.

Removing Map Layout objects
  1. Select the object you wish to delete
  2. Choose  Edit > Delete.