Cartographica's second calling, behind importing and displaying data, is analysis of that data. There are many options in the Tools menu for performing analysis and we will be adding more as time goes on.
There are two basic kinds of analysis functions, grouped by the type of resulting data. Analyses that result in a raster layer provide smooth visual outputs and selectable color maps, etc. Analyses that result in either new vector layers or modifications to existing vector layers provide high levels of scalability and are often more useful for further analysis. Some functions may be able to output either vector or raster data.